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Eda Stepanova
(@eda-stepanova)
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January 21, 2019 2:38 pm  

Thank you Samuel for taking time and posting studies, I do enjoy them! I didn't manage to take notes of the second chapter yet (I read the post tho), I will print them out this time 🤣  I don't want to lag behind.  Every other day is good for me, and in depth study is great for me too as I personally don't have any Ruckman's books or reference Bible or any other helpful material. if you choose to include any extra material from saved brethren in your studies (as additional information), I would greatly appreciate that. GBY


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Samuel
(@samuelfoe)
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January 22, 2019 10:52 am  

Thanks, sister Eda. I'll definitely try to add comments from others when I come across it!

I have a Ruckman Reference Bible, but that is unfortunately nowhere near as detailed as his commentaries... and the only NT commentaries by him that I have so far is Gal, Eph, Phil, & Col (all four are in one book) and Revelation. But I will keep my eye out to find extra material! Spiritual circumcision was a doctrine that bro. Ruckman taught. What I wrote about it was somewhat from memory of sermons where he talked about it + a few articles online.


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Samuel
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January 24, 2019 1:55 pm  

Romans Chapter 3

Romans 3:1-8

3:1 “What advantage then hath the Jew? or what profit is there of circumcision?” (Gen. 25:32; Eccl. 6:8, 11; Isa. 1:11-15; Mal. 3:14; 1st Cor. 15:32). Brother Ruckman summarizes chapters 1 by saying that the Gentile is concluded as a cheap wooden garbage can, overflowing with rotten food. Chapter 2 concludes that the Jew is a nicer metal garbage can, also overflowing with rotten food. One is nicer than the other, but both are filled with rotting banana peels, coffee grounds, apple cores, etc.; in other words, they both stink. The references above show that bloodline is absolutely useless when it comes to spiritual matters (salvation), but the physical Jew does have an advantage. This is answered in the next verse…

3:2 “Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God.” (Deut. 4:7-8; Neh. 9:13-14; Ps. 78:4-7; 147:19-20; Isa. 8:20; Ezek. 20:11-12; Dan. 10:21; Luke 16:29-31; John 5:39; Acts 7:38; Rom. 2:18; 9:4; 11:1-2, 15-23, 28-29; 2nd Tim. 3:15-17; 2nd Peter 1:19-21; Rev. 19:10). These references show that the Jew is still God’s chosen people. The Jew was chosen by God for the purpose of preserving His word and taking it to the rest of the world. This is not the only profit of the circumcision, however, because that duty was transferred to the church (1st Tim. 6:20) (but will be given back to the Jew - Heb. 5:12; 1st Peter 4:11; Rev. 22:6). Verse 2 says “Much every way: chiefly…” The stewardship of the oracles of God is the chief advantage of the Jew, but not the only advantage. This can be demonstrated by looking into Jesus’ thousand-year reign. The word will be known by the whole world, and yet the Jew still has the preeminence.

I think I mentioned before that some claim Luke was a Gentile. My dad was actually taught this, so I’m sure it is a somewhat common teaching. That idea rejects, or at least lessens, this verse though (Rom. 3:2). The Bible is an Oriental [middle Eastern] Book written by Jewish men with the customs of the Orient. It is illogical to say that 99% Jew and 1% Gentile wrote the Bible. The Book was only written by God’s chosen people, to whom were committed the oracles of God.

Notice that verse 1 says “Jew,” not “Israel.” Hitler and Satan’s witnesses (JWs), Catholics and Mormons, Black Hebrews, etc., all claim that “true” Israel is no longer composed of Jews. This is extra-biblical foolishness. The Holy Spirit has consistently described the Jews/Hebrews/Israel as those belonging to the twelve tribes of Israel and Judah; the descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Not Abraham only (this would include Moslems, from Ishmael). Not Isaac only (this would include Saudi Arabia/Jordan, the rest of Islam… from Esau). The descendants of Abraham, Isaac, AND Jacob. In Esther 2:5, a Benjamite is called a Jew (& Gal. 2:15, cf. Phil. 3:5). (Benjamin & Judah are the southern tribes). In Gal. 2:14, a Galilee Israelite is called a Jew (Matt. 4:13-18, Galilee is a town of a northern tribe). In John 4:22, Jesus Christ called Himself a Jew (from Judah). There are three classes of man given in 1st Cor. 10:32 — Jew, Gentile, and the church of God.

3:3 (Num. 23:19; 1st Sam. 15:29; Ps. 84:7; Isa. 54:9-10; 55:11; 65:15-16; Jer. 33:24-26; Rom. 9:6; 10:16; 11:1-7, 29; Heb. 4:2; 6:13-18). I have an old note written in my Bible that might give light on what Paul is arguing here, “Israel was given special favor of God that nobody else can claim, insomuch that this Book is a Jewish Book. Is it a threat to the truth of the gospel of Christ that the very Jews who handed down the scriptures do not believe in the Lord Jesus? God forbid! They’re still men, dead in trespasses and sin, dust of the earth in need of a Saviour.”

3:4 “God forbid…” found 24 times in scripture (Gen. 44:7, 17; Josh. 22:29; 24:16; 1st Sam. 12:23; 14:45; 20:2; 1st Chron. 11:19; Job 27:5; Luke 20:16; Rom. 3:4, 6, 31; 6:2, 15; 7:7, 13; 9:14; 11:1, 11; 1st Cor. 6:15; Gal. 2:17; 3:21; 6:14). ”… yea, let God be true…” (Deut. 32:4; Ps. 100:5; 119:160; 138:2; Micah 7:20; John 3:33; 2nd Cor. 1:18; Titus 1:2; Heb. 6:18; 1st John 5:10, 20; Rev. 3:7). “… but every man a liar…” (Ps. 62:9; 116:11; Prov. 19:22; 1st John 4:20; Heb. 11:6; Rev. 21:8). “… That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged.” (Job 36:3; Ps. 51:4; Matt. 11:19; 22:46 John 8:46; 12:48). Perhaps this is saying that at the white throne judgment, some sinners will try to bring a rebuttal against God that His own people did not believe the gospel, and therefore they should be given mercy for not believing the gospel? If so, this is foolish because God ought to be trusted rather than man (Job 32:2; Acts 5:29).

3:5 “But if our unrighteousness commend the righteousness of God, what shall we say?” (Rom. 3:7, 25-26; 8:20-21). “What shall we say?” is found eight times (Gen. 44:16; Ezra 9:10; Rom. 3:5; 4:1; 6:1; 7:7; 9:14, 30). “… Is God unrighteous who taketh vengeance?” (Gen. 18:25; Deut. 32:39-43; Ps. 58:10-11; 94:1-2; Nahum 1:2, 6-8; Rom. 2:5; 3:19; 9:18-20; 12:19; 2nd Thess. 1:6-9; Rev. 15:3; 16:5-7; 18:20). “… (I speak as a man)” (Rom. 6:19; 1st Cor. 9:8; 2nd Cor. 11:16, 23; Gal. 3:15). Brother Ruckman says, “The idea is that since our badness demonstrates God’s goodness, He ought to let us get away with our sin so He can look better. See a similar statement in Romans 6:1. But the answer in both cases is no (vss. 6-8; Rom. 6:2). We should glorify God by submission and obedience, not by contrast.”

3:6 “God forbid: for then how shall God judge the world?” (Gen. 18:25; Job 8:3; 34:17-19; Ps. 9:8; 11:5-7; 50:6; 96:13; 98:9; Acts 17:31).

3:7 “For if the truth of God hath more abounded through my lie unto his glory;” This is a neat reference which will make sense as you go: (Gen. 37:8-9, 20; 44:1-14; 50:18-20). The rest of the references are: (Ex. 3:19; 13:17-18; 14:4-5, 30; 1st Kings 13:17-18, 26-32; 2nd Kings 8:10-15; Matt. 26:34, 69-75). “… why yet am I also judged as a sinner?” (Isa. 10:6-7; Acts 2:23; 13:27-29; Rom. 9:19-20).

3:8 “And not rather (as we be slanderously reported, and as some affirm that we say,) Let us do evil, that good may come? whose damnation is just.” “… slanderously reported” (Prov. 10:18; Matt. 5:11; 1st Cor. 6:8; 1st Peter 3:16-17). “… Let us do evil, that good may come” (Isa. 41:21-24; Rom. 5:20; 6:1, 15; 7:7; Jude 4). “… whose damnation is just.” (Matt. 23:14; Mark 12:40; John 5:29; 2nd Thess. 2:12; 2nd Peter 2:1-3).


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Samuel
(@samuelfoe)
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January 26, 2019 5:51 pm  

Romans 3:9-20

3:9 “What then? are we better than they?…” (Isa. 65:5 [God’s view on this type of wicked pride - I actually didn’t know “holier than thou” comes from the Bible!]; Luke 7:39; 18:9-14; Rom. 3:22-23; 1st Cor. 4:7). That is, are we the Jews better than the Gentiles? “… No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin;” (Rom. 1:28; 2:1; Gal. 3:10, 22).

3:10 “As it is written,” (Isa. 8:20; Rom. 15:3-4). “… There is none righteous, no, not one:” (Ps. 14:1-3 and 53:1-3 are being quoted; Job 14:4; 15:14-16; 25:4; Jer. 17:9; Matt. 7:21-22; Mark 10:18; 1st Cor. 6:9-10; Gal. 5:19-21; Eph. 2:1-5; 5:3-6; Col. 3:5-11; 1st Tim. 1:9-10; 2nd Tim. 3:2-5; Titus 3:3; 1st John 1:8-10; Rev. 21:8; 22:15). 

3:11 “There is not that understandeth…” (Ps. 14:2-4 and 53:2-4 again quoted; Ps. 94:8; Prov. 1:7, 22, 29-30; Isa. 27:11; Jer. 4:22; Hosea 4:6; Micah 7:1-7; Matt. 13:13-14, 19 [13:13 = rebellion, see Rom. 1:21-26 and 2nd Thess. 2:10-12]; 1st John 5:20). “… there is none that seeketh after God.” (Job 21:15-16; Isa. 9:13; 31:1; 55:6; 65:1; Hosea 7:10; Rom. 8:7).

3:12 “They are all gone out of the way…” (Ex. 32:8; Ps. 14:3; 119:1-3; Eccl. 7:29; Isa. 53:6; 59:8; Jer. 2:13; John 14:6; Eph. 2:3; 1st Peter 2:25). “… they are together become unprofitable;” (Gen. 1:31, 6:6-7; Matt. 25:30; Titus 3:9; Philemon 11; Heb. 13:17). Also, in Luke 17:6-10 Jesus says that obedient servants ought to see themselves as unprofitable servants. The Lord’s will shall be done (Isa. 55:11), whether it is carried out by one servant or another… We can glorify God with by obeying Him, but we cannot profit Him. Compare that with Malachi 3:14. “… there is none that doeth good, no, not one.” (Ps. 53:1; Eccl. 7:20; Isa. 64:6; Eph. 2:8-10; Phil. 2:12-13; Titus 2:13-14; James 1:16-17). As these last references show, there is none that doeth good without Christ Jesus, but “I can do all things through Christ which strengtheneth me.” (Phil. 4:13).

3:13 “Their throat is an open sepulchre;” (Ps. 5:9; Jer. 5:16; Matt. 23:27-28). “… with their tongues they have used deceit;” (Rom. 3:4; Ps. 10:7; 12:3-4; 36:3; 52:2; 57:4; Isa. 59:3; Jer. 9:3-8; Ezek. 13:7; Matt. 12:34-35; 2nd Tim. 3:13; James 3:5-8). “… the poison of asps is under their lips:” (Deut. 32:33; Job 20:14-16; Ps. 58:4; 140:3; Eccl. 10:8-11; Ezek. 22:28; Micah 7:17). The connection between a wicked tongue and an asp is interesting. It implies subtil (subtle) deceit (Gen. 3:1; Job 15:35; Ps. 28:3), which is carefully thought out (Ps. 36:4) and carefully studied (Prov. 24:2).

3:14 “Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness:” (Gen. 12:3; Deut. 32:32; Judg. 5:23; Job 1:5, 9-11; 2:4-5, 9-10; 31:30; Ps. 10:7; 59:12; 62:4; 109:17-18; Prov. 20:20; 29:24; Eccl. 10:20; Mark 14:71; Luke 6:28; Acts 8:22-23; Eph. 4:31; Heb. 6:8; 12:15; James 3:10-11; 3:14; 2nd Peter 2:14; Rev. 22:3).

3:15 “Their feet are swift to shed blood:” (Prov. 1:10-19; 6:16-19; Isa. 59:7-8; Ezek. 16:38; 22:6-12, 27; Rev. 9:21).

3:16 “Destruction and misery are in their ways:” Many of these references have mentioned the ways of the wicked returning back upon their own heads. Also, Abaddon and Apollyon in Rev. 9:11 means “destroyer” (cf. Job 41:34).

3:17 “And the way of peace have they not known:” (Isa. 57:21; 59:8; Matt. 7:14; Luke 1:79; John 14:27; Rom. 5:1).

3:18 “There is no fear of God before their eyes.” (Gen. 20:11; Job 41:33; Ps. 36:1; Prov. 8:13; 16:6; 23:17; Luke 23:40; Rev. 19:5).

These things (in verses 9-18) are God’s view of all sinners (verse 9, 19-20). None understand, nor seek after God; His ways are not our ways, and His thoughts are not our thoughts, and yet most of the lost continue on without a care in the world for what God says. All men are liars (Rom. 3:4), and all are therefore guilty of their father’s sin (John 8:44). All men have cursed in their hearts (Eccl. 7:21-22) and have been bitter (Job 3:20; 10:1; Prov. 14:10). All are guilty of bloodshed (Matt. 5:21-22). You can see how this culminates to verse 23...

3:19 “Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law:” (John 10:34-35; 15:25; Rom. 2:12-18; 3:2; 1st Cor. 9:20-21; Gal. 3:23; 4:5, 21; 5:18). “… that every mouth may be stopped,” (1st Sam. 2:9; Job 5:16; 9:2-3; Ps. 107:42; Prov. 20:8-9; Ezek. 16:63; Matt. 22:12-13, 46; John 8:9; Rom. 1:20; 2:1; 3:4; 1st Cor. 1:29). “… and all the world may become guilty before God.” (Rom. 2:1-2; 3:9, 23; 7:13; Gal. 3:10; 3:22, 24).

3:20 “Therefore by the deeds of the law shall no flesh be justified in his sight:” (Ex. 23:7; Job 15:14-16; 25:4-6; Ps. 130:3-4; 143:2; Acts 13:39; Rom. 2:13; 4:13; 9:32; Gal. 2:16, 19; 3:10-13; 5:4; Eph. 2:8-9; Titus 3:5-7; James 2:9-10). “… for by the law is the knowledge of sin.” (Rom. 7:7-9; Gal. 2:19; 1st John 3:4).


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Samuel
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January 28, 2019 11:05 pm  

Romans 3:21-26

3:21 “But now…” The rest of the chapter is about God’s remedy for man’s depravity. Paul just finished pointing out to the Gentiles (chapter 2) that they are not righteous because all have gone against their conscience at some point; and to the Jews (chapter 3) that there is an obvious shortcoming with the law. Not that the law is wrong (Rom. 7:7-8), but that a man has to blind his own eyes to think that he is capable of being justified according to the law. The law came along to show all men that they are wicked sinners and cannot live up to God’s standards. BUT NOW… “But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested,” (Gen. 15:6; Isa. 45:24-25; 46:13; 51:8; 54:17; 61:10; Jer. 23:5-6; 33:16; Dan. 9:24; Zech. 3; Acts 15:11; Rom. 1:16-17; 5:19-21; 10:3-4; 1st Cor. 1:30-31; 2nd Cor. 5:21; Gal. 5:5; Phil. 3:9; Heb. 11:4; 2nd Peter 1:1). “… being witnessed by the law and the prophets;” (Deut. 18:15-19; Ps. 22:30-21; Luke 24:13-27, 44-48; John 1:45; 3:14-15; 5:46-47; Acts 3:21-25; 10:43; 26:22; 28:23; Rom. 1:2; 16:26; Gal. 3:8; Heb. 10:1-14; 1st Peter 1:10).

3:22 “Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ…” (John 16:8, 10; Rom. 4:3-13, 20-22; 5:1; 8:1; 2nd Cor. 5:21; Phil. 3:7-9). “… unto all and upon all them that believe:” (Isa. 61:10; Matt. 22:11-12; Luke 15:22; Rom. 4:6, 11, 22-25; Gal. 2:16; 3:6-9; James 2:23). “… for there is no difference:” (Acts 15:9, 11; Rom. 2:1; 10:12; 1st Cor. 4:7; Gal. 3:28; Col. 3:11).

3:23 “For all have sinned,” (Eccl. 7:20; Rom. 2:1; 3:9, 19; 11:32; Gal. 3:22; 1st John 1:8-10). “… and come short of the glory of God;” (Rom. 5:2; 1st Thess. 2:12; 2nd Thess. 2:14; 1st Peter 4:13; 5:1, 10). Also, Hebrews 4:1 is an interesting cross reference because it shows that in the time of Jacob’s trouble, the saints will have to strive to keep from coming short of a promise. Today, however, we cannot obtain the promises unless we admit that we have come short (1st John 1:8).

3:24 “Being justified freely by his grace…” (Rom. 4:16; 5:1, 16-19; 1st Cor. 6:11; Eph. 2:7-10; Titus 3:5-7). An interesting tie-in that I learned from David Hoffman is that in Genesis 3:2, Eve was the first being to subtract from God’s words, removing the word “freely” (Gen. 2:16). It is removed at the beginning of God’s Book, and added back at the end (Rev. 22:17). “… through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:” (Isa. 53:11; Matt. 20:28; Rom. 5:9; Eph. 1:6-7; Col. 1:12-14; 1st Tim. 2:6; Titus 2:14; Heb. 9:2-14; 1st Peter 1:18-19; Rev. 5:9).

3:25 “Whom God hath set forth…” (Acts 2:23; 3:18; 4:28; 15:18; 1st Peter 1:18-20; Rev. 13:8). “… to be a propitiation” (1st John 2:2; 4:10). Propitiation only occurs in these three verses. Webster’s two definitions for it are, “The act of appeasing wrath and conciliating the favor of an offended person…” and “… the atonement or atoning sacrifice offered to God to assuage his wrath and render him propitious to sinners. Christ is the propitiation for the sins of men. Romans 3:23. 1 John 2:2.” In Gail Riplinger’s book, “The Dictionary Inside the King James Bible” (an excellent book about how the Bible defines itself), she quotes Romans 3:22-25, putting the following words in bold print to show how the passage defines the word: “Being justified… the redemption that is in Christ Jesus… to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins…” Similarly, David Hoffman defines the word atonement as at-one-ment, meaning that the sinner is reconciled to God (two conflicting parties made one) by the death of his Son (Rom. 5:10).

Continuing with the verse, “… through faith in his blood,” (Lev. 16:15; John 6:47, 53-58; Col. 1:20-23; Heb. 9:22-26; 10:19-10). “… to declare his righteousness” (Ps. 22:31; 40:10; 97:6; 119:142). “… for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;” (v. 24; Matt. 26:28; Luke 1:77; 24:47; Acts 10:43; 13:38-39; Rom. 4:1-8; 1st Tim. 1:15; Heb. 9:15-22; 10:4; 11:7, 39-40). Also, forbearance only occurs in this verse and Rom 2:4 (Ex. 34:6; Num. 14:18; Ps. 86:15; 1st Tim. 1:16; 1st Peter 3:20; 2nd Peter 3:9, 15).

3:26 “To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just,” (Deut. 32:4; Ps. 85:10-11; Isa. 42:21; 45:21; Zeph. 3:5, 15; 9:9; Rev. 15:3). Bro. Ruckman noted, “a sinner will either justify himself or God (Luke 10:29; Job 32:2). A note I have written for Psalm 85:10-11 says, “Righteousness alone reaps peace in the absence of sin, because sin is enmity with God. But righteousness and peace “kissed each other” in the Saviour of the world, Christ Jesus. Forgiveness, justification, and sanctification through Christ reaps righteousness and peace with God Almighty.” And to finish up the passage, “… and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.” (v. 30; Rom. 4:5; 8:33; Gal. 3:8-14). Bro. Ruckman wrote, “God reconciled His holiness and wrath with His grace and mercy by personally coming down to earth and taking man’s place. He lived the righteous life required to satisfy His holiness, and when He died He took the full punishment for men’s sins to satisfy His wrath. To satisfy His mercy and grace, He then offers man the righteousness for which He Himself paid. In that way He cannot only impute righteousness to the sinner, He can actually justify him because the full payment to obtain that righteousness has been made.” Amen!

 

As a side note, Edward Pfenninger claims that Rom. 3:21-26 is the gospel and that Rom. 10:8-13 is written to Israel because “prayer is a work” (Eph. 2:8-9). This is heresy, because the resurrection of the Lord Jesus is not mentioned, and it is a stretch to say that “in his blood” (Rom. 3:25) is equivalent to His death and burial (2nd Tim. 2:8; 1st Cor. 15:1-4).

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Samuel
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January 29, 2019 8:53 pm  

Romans 3:27-31

3:27 “Where is boasting then? It is excluded.” (Ps. 10:3; 49:6-7; 52:1; 94:4; 97:7; Prov. 20:14; 27:1; Isa. 10:15-18; Ezek. 16:62-63; 35:11-15; 36:31-32; Zeph. 3:11; Luke 18:9-14 Acts 5:36; Rom. 2:17, 23; 3:19, 27; 4:2; 11:18; 1st Cor. 1:29-31; 4:7; Eph. 2:8-10; 2nd Tim. 3:2; James 3:5; 4:16). There is a type of boasting which is permitted (Ps. 34:2; 44:8; 2nd Cor. 7:14; 8:24; 9:2-4; 10:7-17; 11:7-12)… the excluded boasting, then, is boasting in your own self-righteousness. ALL believers ought to boast in the riches of Christ Jesus and His righteousness! “… By what law? of works?” (Rom. 7:1; 9:31-33; 10:5; 11:6; Gal. 2:16) “… Nay: but by the law of faith.” (Rom. 7:21-25; 8:2; Gal. 3:22; 1st John 5:11-13)

3:28 “Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.” (John 3:14-18; 5:24; 6:40; 20:31; Acts 13:38-39; Rom. 3:20-22, 26; 4:5; 5:1; 8:3; 1st Cor. 6:11; Gal. 2:16; 3:8-14, 18-29; Phil. 3:7-10; Titus 3:5-7).

3:29 “Is he the God of the Jews only? is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also:” (Gen. 17:18; Ps. 67:2; 72:17; Isa. 19:23-25; 54:5; Jer. 16:19; 31:33-34; Zech. 2:11; 8:20-23; Mal. 1:11; Matt. 22:32; 28:19; Mark 16:15; Luke 24:46-47; Acts 9:15; 22:21; 26:17; Rom. 1:16; 9:24-26; 11:12-13; 15:9-13; 15:16; Gal. 3:14, 26-29; Eph. 3:6; Col. 3:11). Most of the OT references here will be fulfilled in the Millennial reign of the Lord Jesus.

3:30 “Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.” (Rom. 4:11-12; 10:12-13; Gal. 2:14-16; 3:20, 28; 5:6; 6:15; Phil. 3:3; Col. 2:10-11).

3:31 “Do we then make void the law through faith?” (Ps. 119:126; Jer. 8:8-9; Matt. 5:17; 15:6; Rom. 4:14-16;  Gal. 2:21; 17-19). “… God forbid: yea, we establish the law.” (Ps. 40:8; Isa. 42:21; Matt. 3:15; Rom. 7:7-14, 22, 25; 8:4; 10:4; 13:8-10; 1st Cor. 9:21; Gal. 2:19; 5:18-25). The law is established not only in this dispensation of the church (by faith only), but also in the time of Jacob’s trouble (faith and works) and the Millennium (works); (Ps. 78; 105:6-11; Isa. 2:2-5; 51-66; Jer. 31:33-34; Dan. 9:24-27 Hosea 8:4-9; Micah 4:2; Mal. 4; Heb. 7:9-28 10:1, 15-16; James 1:25; 2:8-12).


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Samuel
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February 1, 2019 9:05 pm  

Romans Chapter 3 Outline

Verses 1-8 God is justified to justly judge the world.

9-20 The “total depravity” of every man.

21-26 All men are unrighteous and guilty before God; The righteousness of God is without the law unto all and upon all them that believe; Justification is by grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus.

27-31 God is justified to justly justify all through faith, without the law, establishing the law of Christ.


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Jeff Allen
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February 2, 2019 5:35 pm  

Gonna take some more time now that the quick references scripture links are not popping up anymore?. Anyway that feature can be brought back don't know if Adam or someone is changing things on the webpage here. anyhow Regardless Thanks for study Samuel. 


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Samuel
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February 3, 2019 1:43 pm  

Romans Chapter 4

Romans 4:1-8

4:1 “What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found?” Since Paul specifically said “as pertaining to the flesh,” he is talking to Jews. This hints, however, that there are children of Abraham that are not children pertaining to the flesh. (Isa. 51:2; Matt. 3:9; Luke 3:8; 16:24-25, 29-31; John 8:33, 37-41, 53, 56-59; Acts 13:26; 2nd Cor. 11:22; Heb. 12:9).

4:2 “For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory;” (Jer. 9:23-24; Rom. 3:27; 15:17 [notice the same wording used]; 1st Cor. 9:16; 2nd Cor. 5:12; 11:12, 30; 12:1-9; Gal. 6:13-14; Eph. 2:9). “… but not before God.” (Gen. 12:12-13, 18-20; 20:9-13; Josh. 24:2; Rom. 3:20-28; 1st Cor. 1:29; 4:7; Gal. 3:22; Phil. 3:9).

4:3 “For what saith the scripture?” I was about to write out one of my favorite doctrines about the written word, but I’ll save that for Roman 9:17. See John 6:63 for now. (& Matt. 12:3-5; 19:4; 22:31; Mark 12:10, 26; Luke 6:3). “… Abraham believed God,” (Gen. 15:6; Gal. 3:6-8; James 2:23). “… and it was counted unto him for righteousness.” The same was said of Phinehas in Psalm 106:30-31 (Number 25).

Abraham was declared righteous in a similar fashion to a New Testament believer, but they are not identical. Abraham received righteousness by faith (Gen. 15:1-6), but was justified by works (Gen. 22:8-9; James 2:21-23). A NT believer receives both simultaneously at the moment of salvation. David Hoffman wrote, “The record in James appears to contradict Paul’s record. James described justification in the eyes of men (works), but Paul described justification in the eyes of God (faith). The doctrinal position reveals the two accounts are addressed to two different groups of people. The proper choice of the two passages for anyone after Calvary and before the Rapture is Paul’s account.”

4:4 “Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt.” (Matt 20:1-16; Rom. 9:32; 10:3; 11:6, 35). I think I mentioned this before, but our attitude in service ought to be that of unprofitable servants (Luke 17:10).  We were given a clean slate when the greatest debt was paid (Matt. 18:23-35)! The Lord owes us nothing, but we owe Him our all. Nonetheless, Paul is talking about those who try to earn righteousness before accepting the payment for their debt. How foolish to think that the Lord owes you anything but death and hell (Rom. 6:23).

4:5 “But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him…” (John 5:24; Rom. 3:22; 10:9-10; Gal. 3:9-14; Phil. 3:9). “… but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly,” (Zech. 3:3-4; Acts 13:38-39; Rom. 1:17-18; 3:26-30; 4:24; 5:1-2, 6-8; 8:30-34; 1st Cor. 6:9-11; 1st Tim. 1:13-15; Titus 3:3-7; Gal. 2:16-17; 3:8). “… his faith is counted for righteousness.” (Rom. 1:17; 4:3; 1st John 5:1-13). Sorry if the references are a bit jumbled here, a lot of them run together.

4:6 “Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works,” (Ps. 32:1-2 [the verse being referred to]; 1:1-3; 112:1; 146:5-6; Isa. 45:24-25; 54:17; 55:3; Jer 33:16; Dan. 9:24; Matt. 5:3-12; Rom. 3:20-22, 27; 4:11, 24; 5:18-19; 1st Cor. 1:30; 2nd Cor. 5:21; Gal. 3:8-9; 4:15; Eph. 1:3; 2:8-10; Phil. 3:9; 2nd Tim. 1:9; 2nd Peter 1:1). David did not receive this imputed righteousness (Ex. 23:7), he prophesied about what Jesus Christ does for the sinner in the New Testament (Ps. 51:10-12). God forgave and covered sins in the Old Testament, but in the New Testament sins are entirely taken away from our account (Rom. 6:6-7). 

4:7 “Saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered.” Again, Psalm 32:1-2 (Ps. 51:8-9; 85:2; 130:3-4; Isa. 40:1-2; Jer. 33:8-9; Micah 7:18-20 [cf. Rev. 21:1]; Matt. 9:2; Luke 7:47-50).

4:8 “Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.” (Isa. 53:10-12; 2nd Cor. 5:19-20; Philemon 18-19; 1st Peter 2:24; 3:18).


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Samuel
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February 3, 2019 1:48 pm  
Posted by: Jeff Allen

Gonna take some more time now that the quick references scripture links are not popping up anymore?. Anyway that feature can be brought back don't know if Adam or someone is changing things on the webpage here. anyhow Regardless Thanks for study Samuel. 

If you use Google Chrome, you can download an extension called PopVerse that makes a popup window of the verses that are referenced (on most websites too). If you use Opera, you can download this extension, which allows you to download Chrome extensions. I have not found anything similar for FireFox. 

All the popups are in the AV, of course! 

This post was modified 2 weeks ago by Samuel

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Samuel
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February 5, 2019 1:47 pm  

Romans 4:9-15

4:9 “Cometh this blessedness then upon the circumcision only, or upon the circumcision also?” See verse 6 for what this blessedness is. (Isa. 49:6; Luke 2:32; Rom. 9:23-24; 10:12-13; 15:8-19; Gal. 3:14, 26-28; Eph. 2:11-13; 3:8; Col. 3:11). This question was already answered in part in Rom. 3:29-30, but this was talking about justification through faith. Justification seems to be primarily about being declared just according to the law (being pardoned from guilt and punishment; Rom. 3:24-25, for example, says that the justification in Christ Jesus is about the remission of sins, through the forbearance of God. Receiving imputed righteousness, however, is about being declared holy (Eph. 4:24, for ex.). Don’t get me wrong, they go hand in hand when it comes to salvation, but it might be worth noting a possible distinction there. “… for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness.”

4:10 “How was it then reckoned? when he was in circumcision or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision.” (Gen. 15:5-6; 17:1, 10, 23-27; 1st Cor. 7:18-19; Gal. 5:6, 15). Notice that when Abraham was counted righteous (Gen. 15:5-6), he was somewhere between 75 years old (Gen. 12:4) and 86 (Gen. 16:16). He was not circumcised until he was 99 years old (Gen. 17:1). He was not a Jew, he was an uncircumcised Chaldean (Gen. 11:28, 31). His faith was reckoned for righteousness before he was circumcised.

4:11 “And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised:” (Gen. 17:10; Ex. 12:13; 31:13, 17; Deut. 30:6; Ezek. 20:12, 20; Rom. 2:28-29; 3:22; 9:30; 1st Cor. 1:22; 2nd Cor. 1:22; Gal. 5:5; Eph. 1:12-14; 4:30; Phil. 3:9; Rev. 9:4). Like the Spirit is given to the believer to seal us as righteous, circumcision was given to Abraham to seal his righteousness. “… that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also:” (Matt. 8:11; John 7:38-39; Rom. 10:4, 11; Gal. 3:7, 14, 22, 29; 6:16).

4:12 “And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only,” (Matt. 3:9; Luke 16:23-31; John 8:39-40; Gal. 4:22-31) . “… but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcised.” (Job 23:11; 33:11; Ps. 16:11; 23:4; 37:23, 31; 56:13; 84:11; 85:13; 86:11; 119:1, 45, 133; Prov. 2:20 4:11-13; 16:9; Song. 1:8; 2nd Cor. 12:18; Eph. 5:15; Col. 1:10; 4:5; 1st Thess. 4:1; 1st Peter 2:21; 1st John 1:7; 3rd John 4; Rev. 21:24).

4:13 “For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world was not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law,” (Gen. 12:3; 15:18-21 [Israel has not received a tenth of the land they were promised… the nation will be massive when Jesus reigns]; 17:4-5, 16; 22:17-18; 28:14; 49:10; Ps. 2:8; 72:11). “… but through the righteousness of faith.” (Gal. 3:16-18, 29).

4:14 “For if they which are of the law be heirs,” (Gal. 2:21; 3:19-24; 5:4; Phil. 3:9; Heb. 7:19, 28). “… faith is made void, and the promise made of none effect:” (Ps. 119:126; Isa. 55:11; Jer. 19:7, 15; Rom. 3:31).

4:15 “Because the law worketh wrath:” (Rom. 2:5-6; 3:19-20; 5:13, 20-21; 7:7-11; 1st Cor. 15:56; 2nd Cor. 3:7-9; Gal. 3:10, 19; Eph. 5:6; Col. 3:6; 1st John 3:4; Rev. 6:16-17; 19:15). “… for where no law is, there is no transgression.” (Rom. 2:6-16; 5:13).


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Samuel
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February 8, 2019 7:18 pm  

Rom. 4:16-25

Sorry I'm a little late on this one, the past few days have been really busy. 

4:16 “Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace;” (Rom. 3:24-26; 5:1; Gal. 3:7-12, 22; Eph. 2:5-9; Titus 3:7). “… to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed;” (Heb. 6:13-19). “… not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all,” (v. 11; Rom. 9:8). “of us all” appears three times (Isa. 53:6; Rom. 4:16; Gal. 4:26).

4:17 “(As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations,)” (Gen. 17:4-5, 16, 20; 25:25, 31-34; 28:1-3; Heb. 11:8-16). “… before him whom he believed, even God, who quickeneth the dead,” (v. 2; Matt. 3:9; John 5:21-25; 6:63; Rom. 8:11; 1st Cor. 15:45; Eph. 2:1-5; 1st Tim. 6:13). “… and calleth those things which be not as though they were.” (Isa. 43:6; 44:7; 49:12; 55:12; Acts 15:18; Rom. 8:29-30; 9:26; 1st Cor. 1:28; Heb. 11:7; 1st Peter 2:10; 2nd Peter 3:8; Rev. 19:10)

4:18 “Who against hope believed in hope,” (Ruth 1:12-18; Job 5:15-16; 14:7-9; 27:8; Ps. 16:8-11; 33:18-22; 119:43, 49, 74, 81, 114, 116, 147, 166; 130:7; 147:11; Prov. 13:12; 14:32; Ezek. 37:11; Mark 5:35-36; 9:24; Luke 1:18-20; Acts 27:25; Rom. 5:5; 8:24; Heb. 11:1; 1st Peter 1:3, 13, 21; 3:15; 1st John 3:3). “… that he might become the father of many nations, according to that which was spoken, So shall thy seed be.” (Gen. 15:5-6).

4:19 “And being not weak in faith,” (Matt. 6:30; 8:26; 14:30-32; Mark 9:23-24; John 20:27-28; Rom. 14:23). “… he considered not his own body now dead, when he was about an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sara’s womb:” (Gen. 17:17-19; 18:11-15; Luke 1:36-37; Heb. 11:11-19). Notice in reading these references that Abraham and Sarah did consider their bodies “dead” (too old to conceive). Their doubts was sin. The New Testament seemingly glosses over the sins of saints (for ex., Lot’s “righteous soul” in 2nd Peter 2:7-8), which is explained by verse 8 (Rom. 4:7-8, that is). They doubted, but God said they were not weak in faith… therefore, their faith that was “as a grain of mustard seed” was exceedingly blessed (Luke 17:6; Mark 9:23).

4:20 “He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief;” (Num. 11:13-23; 2nd Kings 7:1-2, 17-20; 2nd Chron. 20:15-20; Isa. 7:9; Jer. 32:16-27; Luke 1:18, 45). “… but was strong in faith, giving glory to God;”(Isa. 35:4; Dan. 10:19; 11:32; Hag. 2:4; Zech. 8:9, 13; 1st Cor. 16:13; 2nd Cor. 12:10; Eph. 6:10; 2nd Tim. 2:1).

4:21 “And being fully persuaded that,” (Luke 20:6; Acts 13:43; 18:4; 19:26; 21:14; Rom. 8:38; 14:5, 14; 2nd Tim. 1:12; Heb. 6:9; 11:13). “… what he had promised, he was able also to perform.” (Gen. 18:14; Ps. 115:3; Jer. 32:17, 27; Matt. 19:26; Luke 1:37, 45; 2nd Cor. 9:8).

4:22 “And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness.” (v. 3 & 6).

4:23 “Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to him;” (Rom. 15:4; 1st Cor. 9:10; 10:6; 10:11; 2nd Tim. 3:16-17; Heb. 11-12:3).

4:24 “But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead;” (John 3:14-16; Acts 2:24, 39; 13:30; Rom. 10:9-10; Eph. 1:18-20; Heb. 13:20-21; 1st Peter 1:21).

4:25 “Who was delivered for our offenses,” (Isa 53:5-6, 10-12; Dan. 9:24; Zech. 13:7; Matt. 20:28; Rom. 3:25; 5:6-8; 8:3, 32; 1st Cor. 15:3-4; 2nd Cor. 5:21; Gal. 1:4; 3:13; Eph. 5:2; Titus 2:14; Heb. 9:28; 1st Peter 1:18-19; 2:24; 3:18; 1st John 2:2; 4:9-10; Rev. 1:5; 5:9; 7:14). “… and was raised again for our justification.” (Rom. 8:33-34; 1st Cor. 15:12-23; Heb. 4:14; 10:12-14; 1st Peter 1:21).

The old hymn goes, “Living, He loved me; dying, He sav’d me; Buried, He carried my sins far away. Rising He justified freely for ever: one day He’s coming — O glorious day!” This hymn is titled “One Day!” written by J. Wilbur Chapman in 1910. He preached with D.L. Moody, is credited with discipling Billy Sunday, and David Otis Fuller (who wrote multiple great books about the King James Bible) was saved by his preaching.


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Samuel
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February 11, 2019 6:53 pm  

Romans Chapter 4 Outline

Verses 1-8 Old Testament type (Abraham) & prophecy (David) of New Testament salvation.

9-15 Imputed righteousness of faith supersedes circumcision and the law.

16-22 Abraham as an example of imputed righteousness, of faith by grace.

23-25 Imputed righteousness is by believing on the one true God that raised our Lord Jesus Christ from the dead.


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Samuel
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February 11, 2019 6:54 pm  

Sorry I'm lagging behind again, brethren. I'll have more time to begin chapter 5 tomorrow.


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Samuel
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February 12, 2019 1:28 pm  

Romans Chapter 5

Romans 5:1-8

5:1 “Therefore being justified by faith,” Remember that the previous verse (4:25) said that Jesus was raised again for our justification. It is faith in the death, burial, and resurrection of our Lord Jesus that justifies sinners. First Corinthians 15:3-4 declares this to be the gospel, and later in that chapter Paul talks about how salvation (being saved from the punishment of sin by being declared JUST before God) is not possible without the resurrection of Jesus Christ. (John 3:14-18; 5:24; Acts 13:38-39; Rom. 1:17; 3:22, 26-28; 4:5, 24-25; 9:30; 10:10; Gal. 2:16; 3:11-14, 25; 5:4-6; Phil. 3:9). “… we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:” (Ps. 85:8-10; 122:6; Isa. 27:5; 32:17; 54:13; 55:12; 57:19-21; Zech. 6:13; Luke 2:14; 10:5-6; 19:38, 42; John 14:27; 16:33; Acts 10:36; Rom. 1:7; 6:23; 10:15; 15:13; 2nd Cor. 5:18-20; Eph. 2:7, 14-17; Col. 1:20; 3:15; 1st Thess. 5:23; 2nd Thess. 3:16; Heb. 13:20).

5:2 “By whom also we have access by faith into this grace…” (John 10:7-9; 14:6; Acts 14:27; Eph. 2:18; 3:12; Heb. 10:19-20; 1st Peter 3:18). “… wherein we stand,” (Joshua 1:5; 5:15; 7:13; Job 37:14; Ps. 1:1; 4:4; 5:5; 33:11; 119:161; Prov. 19:21; Isa. 40:8; 46:10; 65:5; Jer. 6:16; 15:19; Ezek. 2:1; 22:30; Dan. 12:1, 13; Micah 5:2-4; Zech. 3:1; Rom. 8:1, 30-39; 14:4; 1st Cor. 15:1; Eph. 6:13-14; Col. 4:12; 2nd Thess. 2:15; 2nd Tim. 2:19; 1st Peter 1:4; 5:12; Rev. 6:17; 20:12). “… and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.” (Ex. 33:18-20; Job 19:25-27; Ps. 16:9-11; 17:15; 73:24; Prov. 14:32; Rom. 2:7; 3:23; 8:17-18, 24; 12:12; 15:13; 2nd Cor. 3:18; 4:17; 2nd Thess. 2:16; Heb. 3:6; 6:18; 1st Peter 1:3-9; 1st John 3:1-3; Rev. 21:11, 23; 22:4-5).

5:3 “And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also:” (Matt. 5:10-12; Luke 6:22-23; Acts 5:41; Rom. 8:35-37; 2nd Cor. 11:23-30; 12:9-10; Eph. 3:13; Phil. 1:29; 2:17-18; Heb. 11:1, 33-40; 12:1-2; James 1:2-3, 12; 1st Peter 3:14; 4:16-17). If anyone has not read Foxe’s Book of Martyrs (myself included, only read bits and pieces), it is an excellent testimony of the saints down through the centuries. From what little I have read, I still “glory in tribulations” of the saints that have passed on before. The lost world cannot comprehend the joy a Christian feels about his or her brethren that have stood fast for the testimony of Jesus Christ unto death. “… knowing that tribulation worketh patience;” (2nd Cor. 1:4-6; 4:8-12, 17; 6:9-10; Heb. 12:10-11 Jam. 1:12; 1st Peter 1:6-7; 5:10). This passage is similar to Second Peter 1:5-8.

5:4 “And patience, experience; and experience, hope:” (Joshua 10:24-25; 1st Sam. 17:34-37; Ps. 27:2-3; 42:4-5; 71:18-24; 2nd Tim. 4:16-18). The formula here is tribulation —> patience —> experience —> hope.

5:5 “And hope maketh not ashamed;” (Job 27:8; Ps. 22:4-5; Isa. 28:15-18; 45:16-17; Jer. 17:5-8; Phil. 1:20; 2nd Thess. 2:16; 2nd Tim. 1:12; Heb. 6:18-19). “… because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts” (Matt. 22:36-37; Rom. 8:14-17; 8:28; 1st Cor. 8:3; Heb. 8:10-12; 1st John 4:19). “… by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.” (Isa. 44:3-5; Ezek. 36:25; 2nd Cor. 1:22; 3:18; 4:6; Gal. 4:6; 5:22-26; Eph. 1:13; 3:16-19; 4:30; Titus 3:5).

5:6 “For when we were yet without strength,” (Lam. 1:6; Ezek. 16:4-8; Dan. 11:15; Eph. 2:1-5, 11-13; Col. 2:13; Titus 3:3-5). “… in due time Christ died for the ungodly.” (Rom. 4:25; 11:26; Gal. 4:4; 1st Tim. 1:9; Titus 2:12; Heb. 9:26; 1st Peter 1:20; 2nd Peter 2:5-6; 3:7; Jude 4, 15, 18).

5:7 “For scarcely for a righteous man will one die:” (John 15:13; 1st John 3:16). “… yet peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die.” (2nd Sam. 18:3; 23:14-17; Rom. 16:4).

5:8 “But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.” (Isa. 53:6; Rom. 3:5; 5:20; Eph. 1:6-8; 2:7; 1st Tim. 1:16; 1st Peter 3:18; 1st John 3:16; 4:9-10).


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