Slower Paced, Detailed Daily Study
I think I'll give everyone one more day to get caught up before moving along. Here's an outline I made real quick, anyone have any other ideas?
Romans Chapter 1
Verses 1-7 Paul’s introduction for the Epistle to the Roman church
8-12 Paul’s prayer and longing for the Roman brethren
13-17 The power of the gospel of Christ
18-25 The testimony of God in His creation
26-32 The unholy fruit of lost reprobates
Romans Chapter 2
2:1 "Therefore..." Wherefore? The previous chapter was speaking of those who "take pleasure in them that do..." the things that are worthy of death according to God's judgment. "thou art inexcusable, O man..." What man? "... whosoever thou art that judgest: for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou that judgest doest the same things." A few other verses that say something similar to "O man" (Dan. 10:19; Luke 12:14; 22:58, 60; Rom. 2:3; 9:20; 1st Cor. 7:16; James 2:20). A perfect example of a man that judged another for transgressing the law (worthy of death), yet did the very same, is David (2nd Sam. 11 and 12, 12:5-7). Also, Ezek. 16:52; Matt. 7:1-5; 23:29-31; Luke 6:37; John 8:7-9; James 4:11. People who often cry "judge not!" are not being judged by anyone except the word of God. They may be convicted, but refuse to repent.
2:2 Exactly as I said, the only one doing the judging is the Lord God Almighty. According to v. 5, those who kill the messenger because they hate the message will see one day that the message was true indeed (Also, Rom. 3:4-5; Ps. 9:7-8; 11:5-7; 36:5-6; 96:13; 98:9; Isa. 45:19, 21; Jer. 12:1; Ezek. 18:25; Dan. 4:37; Acts 17:31; Rev. 15:3-4; 19:2). "But we are sure... according to truth..." the promise to Abraham was sure (Rom. 4:16), the foundation of God standeth sure (2nd Tim. 2:19), our hope we have "as an anchor of the soul" is sure and stedfast (Heb. 6:17-20), our calling and election ought to be made sure (2nd Peter 1:10), and the word of God is a more sure word of prophecy (2nd Peter 1:19). A note on the last reference: Peter was speaking about his testimony of seeing the Lord Jesus' transfiguration when he saw His glory, as John did before writing Revelation. He spoke of his eyewitness account of seeing such a glorious event and hearing the thundering voice of the Father from heaven; nevertheless, he said that "We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts:" Amen! God's word is "more sure" than any dream, vision, testimony, or physical experience!
2:3 Whosoever transgresses God's law is inexcusable and shall not escape the judgment of God (Ps. 50:21). Since the context is someone who knew God's judgment (worthy of death - Rom. 1:32), they may think that they are able to get away with their wickedness. If you look at Rom. 1:32 again, this also explains why someone would "have pleasure in them that do them" [sin against God]. If you read Ezekiel 32:30-31, it says that Pharaoh (a type of Satan in this chapter -- Ezek. 32:2, cf. 1st Peter 5:8; Ezek. 32:4, cf. Ps. 74:14 and Rev. 19:17-18, etc.) shall see "them that go down to the pit... and shall be comforted over all his multitude, even Pharaoh and all his army slain by the sword..." That's sick! That old serpent is so wicked that he will find comfort watching the damnation of the wicked in hell. Luciferians believe that Lucifer is some benevolent being that gave man the truth that God wanted to hide; the Bible clearly shows that the devil is a deceiver and the father of lies. The everlasting fire was prepared for the devil and his angels (Matt. 25:41), and his because of his hatred for God and God's only creature made in His image, he is actively trying to drag anyone and everyone to the lake with him that he can.
Anyway, I think the reprobates talked about here have a similar mindset. Since they knew the judgment of God (Rom. 1:32) and their own damnable wickedness, they try to "shut up the kingdom of heaven against men: for [they] neither go in [themselves], neither suffer [they] them that are entering to go in." (Matt. 23:13). These evil men and seducers are "deceiving, and being deceived" (2nd Tim. 3:13). They are of their father the devil, and the lusts of their father they will do; therefore, they follow after Satan, who was "a murderer from the beginning and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him." He speaks lies, which he speaks "of his own," for he is a liar. Like father, like son.
Is all this talking about a normal lost sinner? Judas was singled out and called "A DEVIL" (John 6:70) by Jesus Christ before a single disciple was saved and washed by His blood (and long before Satan entered the heart of Judas in John 13:2). I am honestly not sure about this (that some people are worse than "normal" lost people). If so, in the OT these were perhaps was the "sons of Belial" (Judg. 19:22; 1st Sam. 2:12; Deut 13:13 -- first occurrence of "Belial," see my note about 13 on Rom. 1:30). The NT equivalent may be those who take the mark of the beast and worship his mark and image (Rev. 14:9-11). Nonetheless, it seems that Jesus spoke far more about people "worthy of the greater damnation" (Matt. 23:14) than Paul or anyone else in the NT, so if there was a sort of distinction it may have been destroyed at the cross. New Testament saints were ALL once "of the devil" (1st John 3:8-10), "children of wrath" and "disobedience" (Eph. 2:2, 2:3), etc. We have "escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust" (2nd Peter 1:4), and have been made new creatures (2nd Cor. 5:17) created in Christ Jesus (Eph. 2:10), and are no longer "natural brute beasts" (2nd Peter 2:12; Jude 10).
Sorry for getting off track. I saw Romans 1:32 in a different light when I closely read Rom. 2:3. I hope all that was not too confusing!
2:4 "Or..." In verse 3 Paul says that sinners think that they will escape the judgment of God (Ps. 10:11), "Or" they despise His goodness and forbearance and longsuffering. They foolishly think that because God's judgment is not "executed speedily" (Eccl. 8:11) that they may sin all that they want, whereas God's "forbearance" (delay of resentment or punishment) is the mercy and "goodness of God" which "leadeth thee to repentance". In Matt. 24:48-51, an evil servant is given a "portion with the hypocrites" because he scoffed at the Lord's coming and walked after his own lusts (2nd Peter 3:3-4). "... the riches of his goodness" (See Rom. 9:23; 10:12; 11:33; Ps. 86:5; 104:24; Eph. 1:7, 18; 2:4, 7; 3:8, 16; Phil. 4:19; Col. 1:27; 2:2; 1st Tim. 6:17; Titus 3:4-6). "... and forbearance and longsuffering;" (Rom. 3:25; 9:22; Ex. 34:5-7; Num. 14:18; Ps. 78:38; 86:15; Isa. 30:18; 63:7-10; Jonah 3:10; 4:2; 1st Tim. 1:16; 1st Peter 3:20). "... the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance" (Job 33:27-30; Ps. 130:3-4; Isa. 30:18; Jer. 3:12-13, 22-23; Ezek. 16:63; Hosea 3:5; Luke 15:17-19; 19:5-7; 2nd Peter 3:9, 15; Rev. 3:20).
And I think that is plenty for the first four verses, amen? 🤣
Interesting tie in there Ezek 32:30-31 to Romams 1:32 just that alone makes me want to shake some lost family members an say wake up Satan is real for starters and he absolutely hates you. My spiritual muscles are getting a workout with all those verses 😀 Keep it going there Brother. God Bless you.
Howdy brethren! Sorry I have not kept up for the past couple days. Saturday I took my license to carry class since I just turned 21. Sunday I had a lot of running around to do before driving back to college, and yesterday was the first day of classes. The past few years of college has been very stressful and vexing (& time-consuming!), but it is where the Lord has me right now. I'm not sure where the Lord is leading me as far as a job goes, but I sure hope I can be done with these classes sooner rather than later. Please pray for me!
Note: this is my second time typing all this out. I need to start writing these elsewhere and just copy/pasting because I lost everything I wrote earlier. Ugh! Forgive me if this section is not as detailed as usual... an hour and a half worth of work gone! 🙃 I know I didn't remember everything I wrote the first time and I added a bit that I did not think of before, so I reckon the Lord had other plans for this study.
Rom. 2:5 First off, who is "thy" referring to? Paul is speaking to the same person as in verse 1 and 3, "... O man, whosoever thou art that judgest... and doest the same." Let's take a moment to look at Noah Webster's definition of "impenitent," because it appears that he got part of the definition straight from this verse. "Not penitent; not repenting of sin; not contrite; obdurate; of a hard heart." Penitence comes from the Latin root word for "pain" (Ps. 34:18; 51:17; Isa. 57:15; 66:2; 2nd Cor. 7:10). Obdurate means the same thing as "of a hard heart." Compare this with "But after thy hardness and impenitent heart..." (Ex. 8:15; 14:17; Deut. 2:30; Josh. 11:20; 1st Sam. 6:6; 2nd Chron. 30:8; 36:13; Prov. 29:1; Isa. 48:4; Ezek. 3:7; Dan. 5:20; Zech. 7:11-12; Heb. 3:13; 4:7). "... treasurest up unto thyself wrath" (Deut. 32:34; Amos 3:10; James. 5:3). I noticed a bit of wordplay with "treasure" here. The sinner rejected the "riches of his goodness" (v. 4), treasuring up wrath instead (v.5), which they will be rendered (v. 6). "... against the day of wrath" (Job 21:30; Prov. 11:4; 2nd Peter 2:9; 3:7; Rev. 6:17). "... and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;" (Rom. 1:18; 2:2-3; Eccl. 12:14).
Rom. 2:6 (Job. 34:11; Ps. 62:12; Prov. 24:12; Isa. 3:10-11; Jer. 17:10; 32:19; Ezek. 18:30; Matt. 16:27; Gal. 6:7-8; Rev. 20:12; 22:12). This truth is also applied to the truth, but our judicial hearing is not about obtaining eternal life. We are judged according to our works after being "sealed with that holy Spirit of promise" (Eph. 1:13). (1st Cor. 3:8; 4:5; 2nd Cor. 5:10; Rev. 2:23).
Rom. 2:7 "To those who by patient continuance in well doing..." (Isa. 64:4-5). More specifically, "patient" (Rom. 8:24-25; Job 17:9; Ps. 27:14; 37:3, 34; Lam. 3:25-26; Matt. 24:12-13; Luke 8:15; John 6:66-69; 1st Cor. 15:58; Gal. 6:9; 2nd Thess. 3:13; 2nd Tim. 4:7-8; Heb. 6:12, 15; 10:35-36; 12:3; James 5:7-8; Rev. 2:10-11). As you can see, patience is part of the fruit of the Spirit and that crosses all dispensations. We do not have to "endure unto the end" to be saved, but we will be more blessed, more joyful, more faithful, etc., by remembering to "not be weary in well doing." Note: I'll admit this verse (Gal. 6:9) really helped me retype this comment right away! I was pretty tempted to just call it a day and redo it tomorrow. Thank the Lord for providing me patience when I am weak! "... in well doing" (1st Peter 2:15; 3:17; 4:19). "... seek for glory and honour and immortality, eternal life:" (Rom. 6:23; 8:18; 9:23; John 5:44; 1st Cor. 15:53-54; 2nd Cor. 4:16-18; Col. 1:27; 2nd Tim. 1:10; 1st Peter 1:7-8; 4:13-14; 1st John 2:25). The comma between immortality and eternal life clarifies the flow of this verse and verses 8-9, which shows the importance of one little comma. The Lord will render to these in verse 7 eternal life.
Rom. 2:8 Contentious is related to the word "contend," not "content." We ought to ask for the wisdom and discernment to know where to draw the line between "earnestly contend for the faith" (Jude 3) and "strive not about words to no profit, but to the subverting of the hearers" (2nd Tim. 2:14). Especially in this Laodicean age, it is vital to constantly ask the Lord to keep us from getting carried away with contentious sinners. (Prov. 13:10; 1st Cor. 11:16; 1st Tim. 6:3-4; Titus 3:9). "... and do not obey the truth," (Rom. 1:18; 6:17; 10:16; 15:18-21; Job 24:13; Isa. 50:10; 2nd Thess 1:8; Heb. 5:9; 11:8; 1st Peter 3:1; 4:17). "... but obey unrighteousness," (John 3:18-21; 2nd Thess. 2:10-12; Heb. 3:12-13). As with verse 7, the commas here are important. "... indignation and wrath, Tribulation and anguish." This is God's judgment on those who obey unrighteousness, rather than those who obey unrighteousness and indignation and wrath, etc. The Lord will render to them indignation and wrath, as well as tribulation and anguish (I hope that makes sense). Anyway, indignation is defined here as being related to the word "wrath," just as "tribulation" and "anguish" are connected. Webster's also adds "the wrath of God against sinful men" to the 2nd definition of the word. (Rom. 9:22 [notice that 9:23 was also referenced for verse 7]; Ps. 90:11; Prov. 1:7; 14:27; Nahum 1:6; Heb. 10:27; Rev. 14:10; 16:19).
Rom. 2:9 "Tribulation and anguish," (Prov. 1:27-28; 2nd Thess. 1:6). "... upon every soul of man that doeth evil," (Ezek. 18:4; Matt. 16:26). "... of the Jew first, and also of the Gentile;" See the comments on Rom. 1:16. Salvation was first offered to the Jew, then to the Gentile. During the time of Jacob's trouble, tribulation and anguish will first come unto the Jew, then to the Gentile. When Jesus Christ reigns, glory and honour will be primarily showed to the Jew, then also to the Gentile nations (Amos 3:2). I referenced 1st Peter 4:17 for verse 8, but since Peter was committed with the gospel of the circumcision (Gal. 2:7-9), it is much more fitting for this verse.
Rom. 2:10 "But glory, honour, and peace, to every man that worketh good..." (Rom. 5:1; 8:6; 9:23; 15:13; 1st Sam. 2:30; Job 22:21; Ps. 37:37; 112:6-9; Prov. 3:16-17; 4:7-9; 8:18; Isa. 32:17; 48:18, 22; Jer. 33:6; Matt. 10:13; Luke 1:79; John 12:26 14:27; 16:33; Gal. 5:22; Phil. 4:7; 1st Peter 1:7; 5:4). "... to every man that worketh good," (Ps. 15:2; Prov. 11:18; Isa. 32:17; Acts 10:35; James 2:22; 3:13).
Here is a good place to pause and look at what this passage is saying. Verse 7 talked about people who "in well doing seek" for immortality. Verse 10 talks about eternal rewards "to every man that worketh good." All of this is leading up to the next portion of this chapter, which will deal with the salvation of those who have never heard or seen the words of God. What we have read here sounds very much like works salvation, and that's because it is; seeking for immortality by well doing is what sends folks to hell. Further, we are not blessed with "glory, honour, and peace" after all of the Jewish Christians (Rom. 10:12; Gal. 3:28; Eph. 2:11-17; Col. 3:11). More on this in the next portion of Romans 2.
Rom. 2:11 (Deut. 10:17; 16:19; 2nd Chron. 19:7; Job 34:19; Prov. 24:23, 24; Matt. 22:16; Luke 20:21; Acts 10:34; Eph. 6:9; Col. 3:25; 1st Peter 1:17).