Slower Paced, Detailed Daily Study
I think I'll give everyone one more day to get caught up before moving along. Here's an outline I made real quick, anyone have any other ideas?
Romans Chapter 1
Verses 1-7 Paul’s introduction for the Epistle to the Roman church
8-12 Paul’s prayer and longing for the Roman brethren
13-17 The power of the gospel of Christ
18-25 The testimony of God in His creation
26-32 The unholy fruit of lost reprobates
Romans Chapter 2
2:1 "Therefore..." Wherefore? The previous chapter was speaking of those who "take pleasure in them that do..." the things that are worthy of death according to God's judgment. "thou art inexcusable, O man..." What man? "... whosoever thou art that judgest: for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou that judgest doest the same things." A few other verses that say something similar to "O man" (Dan. 10:19; Luke 12:14; 22:58, 60; Rom. 2:3; 9:20; 1st Cor. 7:16; James 2:20). A perfect example of a man that judged another for transgressing the law (worthy of death), yet did the very same, is David (2nd Sam. 11 and 12, 12:5-7). Also, Ezek. 16:52; Matt. 7:1-5; 23:29-31; Luke 6:37; John 8:7-9; James 4:11. People who often cry "judge not!" are not being judged by anyone except the word of God. They may be convicted, but refuse to repent.
2:2 Exactly as I said, the only one doing the judging is the Lord God Almighty. According to v. 5, those who kill the messenger because they hate the message will see one day that the message was true indeed (Also, Rom. 3:4-5; Ps. 9:7-8; 11:5-7; 36:5-6; 96:13; 98:9; Isa. 45:19, 21; Jer. 12:1; Ezek. 18:25; Dan. 4:37; Acts 17:31; Rev. 15:3-4; 19:2). "But we are sure... according to truth..." the promise to Abraham was sure (Rom. 4:16), the foundation of God standeth sure (2nd Tim. 2:19), our hope we have "as an anchor of the soul" is sure and stedfast (Heb. 6:17-20), our calling and election ought to be made sure (2nd Peter 1:10), and the word of God is a more sure word of prophecy (2nd Peter 1:19). A note on the last reference: Peter was speaking about his testimony of seeing the Lord Jesus' transfiguration when he saw His glory, as John did before writing Revelation. He spoke of his eyewitness account of seeing such a glorious event and hearing the thundering voice of the Father from heaven; nevertheless, he said that "We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts:" Amen! God's word is "more sure" than any dream, vision, testimony, or physical experience!
2:3 Whosoever transgresses God's law is inexcusable and shall not escape the judgment of God (Ps. 50:21). Since the context is someone who knew God's judgment (worthy of death - Rom. 1:32), they may think that they are able to get away with their wickedness. If you look at Rom. 1:32 again, this also explains why someone would "have pleasure in them that do them" [sin against God]. If you read Ezekiel 32:30-31, it says that Pharaoh (a type of Satan in this chapter -- Ezek. 32:2, cf. 1st Peter 5:8; Ezek. 32:4, cf. Ps. 74:14 and Rev. 19:17-18, etc.) shall see "them that go down to the pit... and shall be comforted over all his multitude, even Pharaoh and all his army slain by the sword..." That's sick! That old serpent is so wicked that he will find comfort watching the damnation of the wicked in hell. Luciferians believe that Lucifer is some benevolent being that gave man the truth that God wanted to hide; the Bible clearly shows that the devil is a deceiver and the father of lies. The everlasting fire was prepared for the devil and his angels (Matt. 25:41), and his because of his hatred for God and God's only creature made in His image, he is actively trying to drag anyone and everyone to the lake with him that he can.
Anyway, I think the reprobates talked about here have a similar mindset. Since they knew the judgment of God (Rom. 1:32) and their own damnable wickedness, they try to "shut up the kingdom of heaven against men: for [they] neither go in [themselves], neither suffer [they] them that are entering to go in." (Matt. 23:13). These evil men and seducers are "deceiving, and being deceived" (2nd Tim. 3:13). They are of their father the devil, and the lusts of their father they will do; therefore, they follow after Satan, who was "a murderer from the beginning and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him." He speaks lies, which he speaks "of his own," for he is a liar. Like father, like son.
Is all this talking about a normal lost sinner? Judas was singled out and called "A DEVIL" (John 6:70) by Jesus Christ before a single disciple was saved and washed by His blood (and long before Satan entered the heart of Judas in John 13:2). I am honestly not sure about this (that some people are worse than "normal" lost people). If so, in the OT these were perhaps was the "sons of Belial" (Judg. 19:22; 1st Sam. 2:12; Deut 13:13 -- first occurrence of "Belial," see my note about 13 on Rom. 1:30). The NT equivalent may be those who take the mark of the beast and worship his mark and image (Rev. 14:9-11). Nonetheless, it seems that Jesus spoke far more about people "worthy of the greater damnation" (Matt. 23:14) than Paul or anyone else in the NT, so if there was a sort of distinction it may have been destroyed at the cross. New Testament saints were ALL once "of the devil" (1st John 3:8-10), "children of wrath" and "disobedience" (Eph. 2:2, 2:3), etc. We have "escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust" (2nd Peter 1:4), and have been made new creatures (2nd Cor. 5:17) created in Christ Jesus (Eph. 2:10), and are no longer "natural brute beasts" (2nd Peter 2:12; Jude 10).
Sorry for getting off track. I saw Romans 1:32 in a different light when I closely read Rom. 2:3. I hope all that was not too confusing!
2:4 "Or..." In verse 3 Paul says that sinners think that they will escape the judgment of God (Ps. 10:11), "Or" they despise His goodness and forbearance and longsuffering. They foolishly think that because God's judgment is not "executed speedily" (Eccl. 8:11) that they may sin all that they want, whereas God's "forbearance" (delay of resentment or punishment) is the mercy and "goodness of God" which "leadeth thee to repentance". In Matt. 24:48-51, an evil servant is given a "portion with the hypocrites" because he scoffed at the Lord's coming and walked after his own lusts (2nd Peter 3:3-4). "... the riches of his goodness" (See Rom. 9:23; 10:12; 11:33; Ps. 86:5; 104:24; Eph. 1:7, 18; 2:4, 7; 3:8, 16; Phil. 4:19; Col. 1:27; 2:2; 1st Tim. 6:17; Titus 3:4-6). "... and forbearance and longsuffering;" (Rom. 3:25; 9:22; Ex. 34:5-7; Num. 14:18; Ps. 78:38; 86:15; Isa. 30:18; 63:7-10; Jonah 3:10; 4:2; 1st Tim. 1:16; 1st Peter 3:20). "... the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance" (Job 33:27-30; Ps. 130:3-4; Isa. 30:18; Jer. 3:12-13, 22-23; Ezek. 16:63; Hosea 3:5; Luke 15:17-19; 19:5-7; 2nd Peter 3:9, 15; Rev. 3:20).
And I think that is plenty for the first four verses, amen? 🤣
Interesting tie in there Ezek 32:30-31 to Romams 1:32 just that alone makes me want to shake some lost family members an say wake up Satan is real for starters and he absolutely hates you. My spiritual muscles are getting a workout with all those verses 😀 Keep it going there Brother. God Bless you.
Howdy brethren! Sorry I have not kept up for the past couple days. Saturday I took my license to carry class since I just turned 21. Sunday I had a lot of running around to do before driving back to college, and yesterday was the first day of classes. The past few years of college has been very stressful and vexing (& time-consuming!), but it is where the Lord has me right now. I'm not sure where the Lord is leading me as far as a job goes, but I sure hope I can be done with these classes sooner rather than later. Please pray for me!
Note: this is my second time typing all this out. I need to start writing these elsewhere and just copy/pasting because I lost everything I wrote earlier. Ugh! Forgive me if this section is not as detailed as usual... an hour and a half worth of work gone! 🙃 I know I didn't remember everything I wrote the first time and I added a bit that I did not think of before, so I reckon the Lord had other plans for this study.
Rom. 2:5 First off, who is "thy" referring to? Paul is speaking to the same person as in verse 1 and 3, "... O man, whosoever thou art that judgest... and doest the same." Let's take a moment to look at Noah Webster's definition of "impenitent," because it appears that he got part of the definition straight from this verse. "Not penitent; not repenting of sin; not contrite; obdurate; of a hard heart." Penitence comes from the Latin root word for "pain" (Ps. 34:18; 51:17; Isa. 57:15; 66:2; 2nd Cor. 7:10). Obdurate means the same thing as "of a hard heart." Compare this with "But after thy hardness and impenitent heart..." (Ex. 8:15; 14:17; Deut. 2:30; Josh. 11:20; 1st Sam. 6:6; 2nd Chron. 30:8; 36:13; Prov. 29:1; Isa. 48:4; Ezek. 3:7; Dan. 5:20; Zech. 7:11-12; Heb. 3:13; 4:7). "... treasurest up unto thyself wrath" (Deut. 32:34; Amos 3:10; James. 5:3). I noticed a bit of wordplay with "treasure" here. The sinner rejected the "riches of his goodness" (v. 4), treasuring up wrath instead (v.5), which they will be rendered (v. 6). In Luke 6:45 Jesus said, "A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil: for out of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh." "... against the day of wrath" (Job 21:30; Prov. 11:4; 2nd Peter 2:9; 3:7; Rev. 6:17). "... and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;" (Rom. 1:18; 2:2-3; Eccl. 12:14).
Rom. 2:6 (Job. 34:11; Ps. 62:12; Prov. 24:12; Isa. 3:10-11; Jer. 17:10; 32:19; Ezek. 18:30; Matt. 16:27; Gal. 6:7-8; Rev. 20:12; 22:12). This truth is also applied to the truth, but our judicial hearing is not about obtaining eternal life. We are judged according to our works after being "sealed with that holy Spirit of promise" (Eph. 1:13). (1st Cor. 3:8; 4:5; 2nd Cor. 5:10; Rev. 2:23).
Rom. 2:7 "To those who by patient continuance in well doing..." (Isa. 64:4-5). More specifically, "patient" (Rom. 8:24-25; Job 17:9; Ps. 27:14; 37:3, 34; Lam. 3:25-26; Matt. 24:12-13; Luke 8:15; John 6:66-69; 1st Cor. 15:58; Gal. 6:9; 2nd Thess. 3:13; 2nd Tim. 4:7-8; Heb. 6:12, 15; 10:35-36; 12:3; James 5:7-8; Rev. 2:10-11). As you can see, patience is part of the fruit of the Spirit and that crosses all dispensations. We do not have to "endure unto the end" to be saved, but we will be more blessed, more joyful, more faithful, etc., by remembering to "not be weary in well doing." Note: I'll admit this verse (Gal. 6:9) really helped me retype this comment right away! I was pretty tempted to just call it a day and redo it tomorrow. Thank the Lord for providing me patience when I am weak! "... in well doing" (1st Peter 2:15; 3:17; 4:19). "... seek for glory and honour and immortality, eternal life:" (Rom. 6:23; 8:18; 9:23; John 5:44; 1st Cor. 15:53-54; 2nd Cor. 4:16-18; Col. 1:27; 2nd Tim. 1:10; 1st Peter 1:7-8; 4:13-14; 1st John 2:25). The comma between immortality and eternal life clarifies the flow of this verse and verses 8-9, which shows the importance of one little comma. The Lord will render to these in verse 7 eternal life.
Rom. 2:8 Contentious is related to the word "contend," not "content." We ought to ask for the wisdom and discernment to know where to draw the line between "earnestly contend for the faith" (Jude 3) and "strive not about words to no profit, but to the subverting of the hearers" (2nd Tim. 2:14). Especially in this Laodicean age, it is vital to constantly ask the Lord to keep us from getting carried away with contentious sinners. (Prov. 13:10; 1st Cor. 11:16; 1st Tim. 6:3-4; Titus 3:9). "... and do not obey the truth," (Rom. 1:18; 6:17; 10:16; 15:18-21; Job 24:13; Isa. 50:10; 2nd Thess 1:8; Heb. 5:9; 11:8; 1st Peter 3:1; 4:17). "... but obey unrighteousness," (John 3:18-21; 2nd Thess. 2:10-12; Heb. 3:12-13). As with verse 7, the commas here are important. "... indignation and wrath, Tribulation and anguish." This is God's judgment on those who obey unrighteousness, rather than those who obey unrighteousness and indignation and wrath, etc. The Lord will render to them indignation and wrath, as well as tribulation and anguish (I hope that makes sense). Anyway, indignation is defined here as being related to the word "wrath," just as "tribulation" and "anguish" are connected. Webster's also adds "the wrath of God against sinful men" to the 2nd definition of the word. (Rom. 9:22 [notice that 9:23 was also referenced for verse 7]; Ps. 90:11; Prov. 1:7; 14:27; Nahum 1:6; Heb. 10:27; Rev. 14:10; 16:19).
Rom. 2:9 "Tribulation and anguish," (Prov. 1:27-28; 2nd Thess. 1:6). "... upon every soul of man that doeth evil," (Ezek. 18:4; Matt. 16:26). "... of the Jew first, and also of the Gentile;" See the comments on Rom. 1:16. Salvation was first offered to the Jew, then to the Gentile. During the time of Jacob's trouble, tribulation and anguish will first come unto the Jew, then to the Gentile. When Jesus Christ reigns, glory and honour will be primarily showed to the Jew, then also to the Gentile nations (Amos 3:2). I referenced 1st Peter 4:17 for verse 8, but since Peter was committed with the gospel of the circumcision (Gal. 2:7-9), it is much more fitting for this verse.
Rom. 2:10 "But glory, honour, and peace, to every man that worketh good..." (Rom. 5:1; 8:6; 9:23; 15:13; 1st Sam. 2:30; Job 22:21; Ps. 37:37; 112:6-9; Prov. 3:16-17; 4:7-9; 8:18; Isa. 32:17; 48:18, 22; Jer. 33:6; Matt. 10:13; Luke 1:79; John 12:26 14:27; 16:33; Gal. 5:22; Phil. 4:7; 1st Peter 1:7; 5:4). "... to every man that worketh good," (Ps. 15:2; Prov. 11:18; Isa. 32:17; Acts 10:35; James 2:22; 3:13).
Here is a good place to pause and look at what this passage is saying. Verse 7 talked about people who "in well doing seek" for immortality. Verse 10 talks about eternal rewards "to every man that worketh good." All of this is leading up to the next portion of this chapter, which will deal with the salvation of those who have never heard or seen the words of God. What we have read here sounds very much like works salvation, and that's because it is; seeking for immortality by well doing is what sends folks to hell. Further, we are not blessed with "glory, honour, and peace" after all of the Jewish Christians (Rom. 10:12; Gal. 3:28; Eph. 2:11-17; Col. 3:11). More on this in the next portion of Romans 2.
Rom. 2:11 (Deut. 10:17; 16:19; 2nd Chron. 19:7; Job 34:19; Prov. 24:23, 24; Matt. 22:16; Luke 20:21; Acts 10:34; Eph. 6:9; Col. 3:25; 1st Peter 1:17).
Looks like I spoke too soon!
2:12 “For…” For what? The previous verse also begins with “For…,” so the “For” is referring to the judgment of God (v. 5-11) on lost sinners (v. 1-4). “For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without law…” (Rom. 5:13). This opens up a can of worms doctrinally. Before Paul gets into sinners without the law that are accountable for their sins (v. 14-15), let’s go ahead and nail down the doctrine of those that are not accountable for their sins. Romans 9:11, talking about Jacob and Esau when they were still in the womb, says, “For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil…” David said in Psalm 51:5 that he was “shapen in iniquity” and conceived in sin. Eph. 2:3 says that we were one the children of wrath by nature. These two verses and others make it clear that we are all born with an inheritance of sin, but, Rom. 9:11 and 2nd Samuel 12 show that God has mercy on babies, whose minds are yet immature. The context of 2nd Sam. 12 is that David committed adultery with Bathsheba and killed her husband Uriah to cover his tracks (because Uriah had the integrity to restrain himself from sleeping with his wife while his companions were fighting in the war — which, if David had done from the beginning, he would not have been tempted by seeing Bathsheba; 2nd Sam. 11:1-2). The LORD told David that his son would die (12:13-14), so he fasted for seven days in case the Lord would be gracious and save the child’s life. Once his son died, David went to worship the LORD, and when his servants thought he was mad (2nd Sam. 12:21), he replied in 2nd Sam. 12:22-23, “… But now he [his baby son] is dead, wherefore should I fast? can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me.” David had assurance that his son was not sent to hell because the Lord is merciful. His son had not done any good or evil, and perished “without law.” Calvinism offers no comfort whatsoever to parents that have lost a child; the word of God offers the ultimate comfort; “I shall go to him…”
Now then, the context of Romans 2:12 is not children, but it is certainly applicable. Those who have sinned and perished “without law” are clearly not the same as those who “hold the truth in unrighteousness” (1:18). Jesus spoke against the cities that saw his miracles and heard his teachings but repented not, saying that “It shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the day of judgment, than for you,” and “for if the mighty works, which have been done in thee, had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day.” (Matt. 11:20-24). Clearly, Sodom and Gomorrah did not perish without law. How many nations were around at that time that did not have fire and brimstone rained upon them? See Luke 12:47-48 (and John 19:11; Acts 17:30-31; Rom. 3:19-20; 4:15-16; 7:7-11; 8:3; 2nd Cor. 3:7-9; Gal. 2:16-19; 3:10, 22; James 2:10). If God has so greatly blessed you with the opportunity to hear and receive and believe and walk by the truth, and you choose to instead reject that truth, He will hold you more accountable than He would have if you had not heard the truth.
2:13 “(For not the hearers of the law are just before God…” (Rom. 2:25; Deut. 4:1; 5:1; 6:3; 30:12-14; Ezek. 20:11; 33:30-33; Matt. 7:21-27; Luke 8:21; James 1:22-24; 1st John 2:29; 3:7). Notice the lack of references in Paul’s epistles (Gal. 5:4, 18, 22-23; 6:2; Phil. 3:9; 1st Tim. 1:8-9). Every verse that has “law” and “grace” in the same verse is John 1:17; Rom. 4:16; 5:20; 6:14, 15; Gal. 2:21; 5:4. “… but the doers of the law shall be justified.” Only one man was wholly justified by the law, the man Christ Jesus (Ps. 143:2; Luke 18:10-14; Acts 13:39; Rom. 3:20-23; 4:2-5; 10:5; Gal. 2:16; 3:11-12).
2:14 “For when the Gentiles, which have not law…” Paul is clearly speaking about justification through the law in the previous verse to the Jews and Judaizers. He is showing here that the Gentiles could be justified without the law before Christ, and ultimately that born-again believers are justified by Christ without the law (see v. 23-26). It should be noted that the next chapter clarifies that Israel is still God’s chosen nation and God’s chosen people, through whom He gave His words for every man, Genesis thru Revelation. Don’t believe the nonsense that Luke was the only Gentile writer of the Bible (Rom. 3:1-2; Ps. 147:19-20). “… do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves:” (Acts 14:16-17; 17:30; Rom. 1:19-20; 2:27; 1st Cor. 11:14).
2:15 “Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts…” (Jer. 40:1-4; Rom. 1:18-19). “… their conscience also bearing witness” (Rom. 9:1; John 8:9; Acts 23:1; 24:16; 2nd Cor. 1:12; 5:11; 1st Tim. 4:2; Titus 1:15). Obviously, the conscience bears witness to the Jew, the Gentile, and the church. “… and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another;)” (Gen. 3:10; 42:21-22; 1st Kings 2:44; Job 27:6; Eccl. 7:22; 1st John 3:19-21). The best example of this is found in Genesis 20:4-9. Abimelech did not have the written word to guide his way, but the Lord withheld him from sinning because of the integrity of his heart (his conscience was not defiled). Abraham said that he thought “Surely the fear of God is not in this place,” (Gen. 20:11), but he was dead wrong! It is also interesting to see that a heathen in the Middle East around 1900 BC had more sense than the modern day “all truth is relative,” “do what thou wilt” crowds. While they think people in Abimelech’s time were cavemen, he was far more righteous and sophisticated in God’s eyes than modern man, having a conscience seared with a hot iron. A similar example is found in Genesis 31:24-29.
2:16 “In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel.” This is continuing the idea from verse 12 because of the parenthesis. “In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men…” (Gen. 18:25; Ps. 9:7-8; 44:21; 50:6; 96:13; 98:9; Eccl. 3:17; 11:9; 12:14; Luke 8:17; Rom 2:5; 3:5-6; 14:10-12; 1st Cor. 4:5; Heb. 9:27; 1st Peter 4:5; 2nd Peter 2:9; Rev. 20:11-15). “… by Jesus Christ according to my gospel.” (John 5:22-29; Acts 10:42; 17:31; Rom. 16:25; 1st Tim. 1:11; 2nd Tim. 2:8; 4:1, 8).
2:17 “Behold, thou art called a Jew,” Nothing wrong so far (Rom. 9:4-7; Psalm 135:4; Isa. 48:1-2; 2nd Cor. 11:22; Gal. 2:15; Phil. 3:4-6). Also, Acts 2:10 mentions Roman Jews. “… and resteth in the law, and makest thy boast of God,” I chose to do verses 17-20 together because they describe the pride of Jews that rest in the law. From Jesus’ death until His return, the Jews have had and will have troubles until they forsake their pride. The law was never meant to lift up anyone, but rather to humble God’s people by showing them that they cannot be made righteous by the law (Gal. 3:24-25). In Christ, neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision, but a new creature (Gal. 6:15). At the new birth, the Holy Spirit performs “the operation of God” (operation occurs 3 times in the King James Bible - Ps. 28:5; Isa. 5:12; Col. 2:12), piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit (Heb. 4:12). This is the spiritual circumcision made without hands (without hands occurs four times - Dan. 2:34, 45; Mark 14:58; Col. 2:11). We can talk more about the spiritual circumcision when we get to more relevant passages. All that was to lead to the rest of the references about Jews/circumcision (Jer. 7:4-10; Zeph. 3:11; Matt. 3:9; 8:11-12; John 5:45; 7:19; 8:33; 9:28-29; Gal. 2:14-16; Eph. 2:11; Phil. 3:3, 7; Rev. 2:9; 3:9). “… and makest thy boast of God,” Nothing is wrong with this, except that the Jews’ boasting is done in hypocrisy (Isa. 45:25; 48:2; Micah 3:11; John 8:41). Notice that half of these 4 references are positive, half are negative.
2:18 Nothing wrong here; all of this is true of the nation of Israel (Deut. 4:8; Neh. 9:13-14; Ps. 19:8; 119:98-100, 104-105, 130; Prov. 6:23; 147:19-20; Luke 12:47; John 13:17 [the only time Jesus said happy]; Rom. 15:4; Phil. 1:10; 1st Thess. 5:21; 2nd Tim. 3:15-17; Heb. 5:14). The one stipulation is pride. More specifically, the pride that rests in the law of God instead of the finished work of God’s Son. (1st Cor. 8:1-2; James 4:17).
2:19 “And art confident that thou thyself art a guide of the blind, a light of them which are in darkness,” This also is technically true, because Israel was given the law to be a light unto all nations (Isa. 49:6-10; Matt. 4:16; 5:14; Luke 1:79; Acts 26:18; Phil. 2:15). Their prideful, self-righteous attitude blinded them. (Job 18:12-21; Prov. 26:12; Isa. 5:21; 56:10; Matt. 6:23; 15:14; 23:15, 24-26; John 7:46-49 [a perfect example of this wicked mentality]; 9:40-41; 1st Cor. 3:18; 4:10; Rev. 3:17-18).
2:20 “An instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes…” Again, technically true, but also a great error when said out of pride. Job 4:3-6 was a false accusation against Job, but is certainly true of many Jews through the years. (Matt. 11:25; 1st Cor. 3:1; Heb. 5:13; 1st Peter 2:2). The spiritual application of these references to the church is that all must humble themselves as a little child to come before Jesus Christ for salvation (Matt. 18:3-4). Born-again believers must also humble themselves before God to grow in grace. Spiritual growth is vital, but many professing Christians today appear to be stunted. I believe if Laodicean Christians humble themselves and turn back to the truth of God, they are likely to be blessed with a great growth spurt (Rev. 3:18-19). “… which hast the form of knowledge and of the truth in the law.” This is actually real neat if you look at the word “form” in the KJB. There are other verses which contain form, but all the NT references & one from Daniel: (Dan. 3:25; Mark 16:12; Rom. 6:17; Phil. 2:6-7; 2nd Tim. 1:13; 3:5). What’s interesting is that all these refer to Jesus Christ or the word of God. By denying one, the Jews have denied both. It is also interesting that the most relevant verse (2nd Tim. 3:5, talking about self-righteousness) ends the chapter (2nd Tim. 3:14-17) with the great truth about the power of the holy scriptures.
“Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools.”
Since this study was a bit shorter, I also wrote out a bit about Job. I thought this was relevant because I references Job 18:12-21 for Romans 2:19 and thought it fit so well.
In case anyone has not heard/studied this, the Book of Job is frighteningly applicable to Israel during the time of Jacob’s trouble. Job’s children died when a house collapsed (Luke 21:23; Rev. 11:13), his servants were slain by heathen (Rev. 9:15-16, 18), and his livestock and servants were burned up in a fire from heaven (Rev. 8:7); his whole life was brought to desolation within an hour, then he was struck with sickness (Rev. 16:21). His troubles ended when God appeared to him (Heb. 9:28) and he repented of his self-righteousness and for questioning the Lord (Job 42:6). The Lord then “turned the captivity of Job” (a common phrase for the restoration of Israel - Deut. 30:3; 53:6; 85:1; 126:1, 4; Jer. 31:23; 33:7, 26), and “blessed the latter end of Job more than his beginning” (Ps. 14:7; Isa. 26:19-20; Ezek. 36:10-12; Ezek. 37). It also appears that his children were resurrected (Rev. 20:4-5) and that he lived longer than Abraham (Zech. 8:4 - “very age” implies that the aged today are not truly [very] old).
Job is 42 chapters long, which matches the 42 months that Israel will be persecuted by the antichrist.
There are many more similarities that could be found. It's marvelous how God's word is so perfectly put together! "Thy word is true from the beginning: and every one of thy righteous judgments endureth for ever." (Ps. 119:160).
2:21 The last few verses were talking about the pride of the Jew who “resteth in the law, and makest thy boast of God.” This is still the subject of “thou” here. “Thou therefore which teachest another, teachest thou not thyself?…” Ps. 50:16-21 applies to all the following verses. God says in Ps. 50:21 that these people that “casteth my words behind thee” and “hatest instruction” have a specific view about the Lord; “thou thoughtest that I was altogether such an one as thyself…” This is the vanity of man (Ps. 73:11; 94:7-11; Isa. 40:15-18). The pride of life is one of the three main categories of sin in 1st John 2:16. The NATIONS are as a drop of a bucket, and are counted as the small dust of the balance… I’ve never seen the weight on a scale change one bit when you wipe the dust off. That’s the nations! How much less are individual men? Less than one molecule of H2O, I reckon! (See also, Matt. 23:3; Luke 11:46; 12:47; 19:22; Gal. 6:13). In Titus 2:1-7 we see that for the church, sound doctrine is what purifies Christians (John 17:17). “… thou that preachest a man should not steal, dost thou steal?” (Isa. 56:11; Ezek. 22:12-13, 27 [usury = interest on a loan, which the Lord calls “dishonest gain”]; Amos 8:4-6; Micah 3:11; Matt. 21:13; 23:14; 1st Tim. 6:9-10).
2:22 “Thou that sayest a man should not commit adultery, dost thou commit adultery?…” (Jer. 5:7; 7:9-10; 9:2; Ezek. 22:11; Matt. 12:39; James 4:4). “…thou that abhorest idols, dost thou commit sacrilege?” (Malachi 1:8, 14; 3:8; Mark 11:17). According to Webster’s 1828, sacrilege comes from the Latin roots for “sacred” + “to take/steal.” It is not only talking about idolatry, but also the defiling of what God has declared holy. The second part of the definition also says, “or the alienating to laymen… what has been appropriated… to religious persons or uses.” This is the doctrine of the Nicolaitans (nico = power, laitan = laity… ruling over the common people) found in Rev. 2:6, 15.
2:23 “Thou that makest thy boast of the law, through breaking the law dishonourest thou God?” (Jer. 8:8-9; Matt. 19:17-22; Luke 18:9-14; John 5:45; 9:28-29; James 1:22; 4:16-17). In verse 17 it was God who was boasted of, but here it is the law. I don’t think this is any real difference because Jesus Christ is the Word of God, perfect (Heb. 4:15), preserved (Acts 13:35), and seated at the right hand of the throne of God (Heb. 12:2); the word of God is pure (Ps. 12:6), preserved (Ps. 12:7), and settled in heaven (Ps. 119:89). This is the type of boasting that the Jews ought to have had for the law of God; instead they twisted and perverted it because of self-righteous pride (Rom. 3:2; 9:4).
2:24 “For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles through you, as it is written.” (Isa. 52:5; Lam. 2:15-16; Ezek. 36:20-23; Matt. 18:7 [cf. John 19:11]; 1st Tim. 5:14; 6:1; Titus 2:5, 8). “… as it is written” appears to refer to 2nd Sam. 12:14.
2:25 “For circumcision verily profiteth, if thou keep the law:” (Rom. 2:28-29; 3:1-2; 4:11-12; Deut. 30:6; Jer. 4:4; Gal. 5:3-6; 6:15; Eph. 2:11-12). I’ll do more detail on the spiritual circumcision in the last two verses. “… but if thou be a breaker of the law, thy circumcision is made uncircumcision.” (Jer. 9:25-26; Acts 7:51; Ezek. 11:19-21; 36:25-32). For Ezek. 36:25-28, notice that after the Lord circumcises the hearts of his people, then the heathen of the world will know the Lord God (Ezek. 36:33-36), as God purposed it when He chose the nation through which His Son was manifested to the world. The more I meditate on this, the more the Lord opens my eyes, and the harder it becomes to explain. 😅
2:26 “Therefore…” Wherefore? The last statement was that circumcision verily profiteth, IF thou keep the law; IF the law is broken, circumcision is made unprofitable. Well, all have sinned (broken the law), so all are made uncircumcision! “… if the uncircumcision keep the righteousness of the law, shall not his uncircumcision be counted for circumcision?” (Isa. 56:6-7; Matt. 8:11-12; 15:22-28; Acts 10:1-4, 34-35; 11:1-3). Circumcision before this verse was talking about Jews (verse 25). In Acts, it was revealed that circumcision is not necessary for salvation (Acts 15:22-29; 21:21). This is the first time we see the idea of uncircumcision being “counted” as circumcision. The Lord talked about circumcision of the heart in a few passages (Deut. 10:16; 30:6; Jeremiah 4:4), but these are obviously directed to circumcised Jews. So, we need to go back to the Old Testament and define circumcision. The first occurrence is in Genesis 17:10-14, 23-27. 17:11 says “it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt me and you,” and 17:13 says “and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.” Back in 17:1-2, it says, “And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect. And I will make my covenant between me and thee, and will multiply thee exceedingly." From this we can see, circumcision is the token of an everlasting covenant related to walking before God and being perfect.
2:27 "And shall not uncircumcision which is by nature,” That is, the Gentiles. “… if it fulfil the law,” That is, shewing the work of the law written in their hearts (Matt. 5:17-20; Acts 13:22; Rom. 13:10; Gal. 5:14). “… judge thee, who by the letter and circumcision dost transgress the law?” This is quite contrary to Israel’s view on the Gentiles! In Ezek. 16:48-52, for example, the Lord said that they had judged the wicked nations, and yet committed more abominable sins than they. (Matt. 12:41-42 [Ninevah & the queen of Sheba being heathen nations]). Paul mentions “the letter” again in Rom. 7:6-8/
2:28 “For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:” (Jer. 9:26; Ps. 73:1; Isa. 1:9-15; 48:1; Hosea 1:6-9; Matt. 3:9; John 1:47; 8:37-39; Rom. 9:6-8; Gal. 6:15; 1st Peter 3:21; Rev. 2:9). Keep these references in mind for the last verse, because they show that circumcision (even in the OT) was twisted from walking before the Lord (Gen. 17:1-2) into an outward shew of the flesh (Gal. 6:12). Nowadays we have to deal with the Roman Catholic mentality, which is the opposite extreme (Col. 2:23).
2:29 “But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart,” (Deut. 10:16; 30:6; 1st Sam. 16:7; 1st Chron. 29:17; Ps. 45:13; Jer. 4:4, 14; Matt. 23:25-28; Luke 11:39; 17:21; John 4:23). “… in the spirit, and not in the letter;” (Rom. 7:6; 14:17; John 3:5-8; 2nd Cor. 3:6; Phil. 3:3). “… whose praise is not of men, but of God.” (John 5:44; 12:43; 1st Cor. 4:5; 2nd Cor. 10:18; 1st Thess. 2:4; 1st Peter 3:4).
Now, before finishing I’d like to talk more about this circumcision of the heart. This chapter was primarily about the salvation of Gentiles in the OT, but the NT born again believers have a literal circumcision that takes place in the heart at salvation.
Going back to the first mention of circumcision, there was the mention of the soul; we need to understand some things about man’s soul. Genesis 17:14 says that whoever’s flesh is uncircumcised, “that soul shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken my covenant.” There is a major shift between the OT and NT regarding the soul. In the OT, the soul is often used interchangeably with “body.” Many people said their “soul shall live” when talking about physically death (Gen. 12:13; 19:20; 35:18). It is related to the heart (Prov. 2:10). It is said that a soul can be hungry (Prov. 6:30; 10:3). It can be defiled when the flesh is defiled, it can touch, it can speak (swear), it can do work, etc. (Lev. 5:2, 4; 7:18; 22:6; 23:30). The soul can sin (Ezek. 18:4, 20). The soul that sinneth shall die, and is on the way to hell (Ezek. 3:20; John 8:24).
In the NT, the soul is presented in a different light. It is no longer used as another word for “body,” and 1st Thess. 5:23 best demonstrates this. At the new birth, the old man is crucified with Christ, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin. For he that is DEAD is freed from SIN. (Rom. 6:1-2, 6-7, 18, 22). In Rom. 7:17-25, we see that when a Christian sins, the soul is no longer defiled by the body — Paul specifically said, “in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing.” This is made possible because the word of God pierces “even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow.” The circumcision of Christ is the “operation of God,” in which a sword sharper than surgical steel (note: surgical knives are double-edged blades!) is used for “putting off the body of the sins of the flesh…” (Col. 2:11-12). Spiritual circumcision (which occurs at the second birth) appears to divide the soul and spirit from the body/flesh! The body (old man) dies to sin (Rom. 6:6-8) and a new creature (new man) is created, “which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness,” (Eph. 4:24) and is “renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him.” (Col. 3:10). Col. 3:11 goes on to say, “… but Christ is all, and in all.” (See also, 2nd Cor. 5:17; Gal. 6:15; Eph. 2:15).
There is a LOT more that could be said about this, but I don’t fully understand all the details of this doctrine. Nonetheless, when I first studied this out a while back, my whole perspective on salvation and the new birth was completely changed. I hope this is a blessing to y’all as well! I hope the Lord shows more light on this as we move forward to similar passages in our study.
Romans Chapter 2 Outline
Verses 1-4 Nobody will escape the judgment of God Almighty
5-11 The Lord shall render to every man according to his deeds
12-16 The judgment of sinners without the scriptures
17-20 The pride of Jews that rest in the law
21-25 The hypocrisy of resting in the law; The judgment of sinners that have the scriptures
26-29 True circumcision is spiritual
Alrighty, brethren, let me ask y'all a few questions.
Are y'all able to keep up? Would y'all prefer to have a day or two in between each post, or would you like for me to continue trying to post each day? Should I cut back a bit on the references to most significant verses, or continue adding as many relevant passages as I can find?
Do y'all have any questions about any of the chapters we've covered? I've been trying to give both a detailed look at the passages and a "zoomed out" overview, but I don't doubt that it can get a little confusing.
I want to thank y'all (and thank the Lord for you) that you have been interested in what most people would call unbearable blocks of text, lol. My desire is to serve the brethren though, so please, give me feedback on how I'm doing!
Hey Brother all I can say is I very much appreciate what the Lord is working through you with this study, every second day is fine for posting, in regards to adding multiple scripture verses keep as many as remain relevant Amen! To be fair I really need a good in depth slower paced study like this and I apologize for not contributing much here brother, hands off for now. Keep it going as you see fit there! Lord willing too some other brethren epsiaclly newer in the faith will be fallowing along. Great Samuel.
For the scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. And, The labourer is worthy of his reward.